For controlling a heavy load, one could, (as illustrated in Figure 20.2) use three nested feedback loops viz. a position loop, a velocity loop and a current loop. This configuration allows independent tunning of the loop parameters without affecting the adjacent loop. A current amplifier is used to amplify the current for driving the motor. The position is sensed by a suitable transducer. The velocity of the antenna is generally sensed by the tachometers mounted on the motor shaft.
The block diagram shown above can not be directly used in all position control applications. The back-lash which is inherent in any gear box, introduces a non-linearity in the position loop. Such a system exhibits a phenomena called as ``limit cycle hunting''. This affects the positioning accuracy of the antenna.